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Vol. 9 - Num. 33

Special Articles

Posttraumatic stress in children and adolescents: Primary Care intervention

Paloma Ortiz Sotoa, Eva Escribano Ceruelob

aPsiquiatra Infantil. Instituto ATTI. Madrid. España.
bPediatra. Hospital Universitario Niño Jesús. Madrid. España.

Correspondence: P Ortiz. E-mail:

Reference of this article: Ortiz Soto P, Escribano Ceruelo E. Posttraumatic stress in children and adolescents: Primary Care intervention. Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2007;9:101-12.

Published in Internet: 31-03-2007 - Visits: 9893


Children and adolescents, because of their greater vulnerability, constitute a group at a high risk of psychological damage after a traumatic event. However adults usually under estimate the violence experienced by children. Children may display a wide range of responses to a traumatic event that are not directly related to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which itself is not even the most common response. PTSD in children has a specific presentation according to age and developmental stage. Paediatricians of the primary care system should play a very active role in the prevention and identification of affected children because of their closeness to children and their families. Specific trainning is needed to achieve this task. A review of this topic as well as the clues for a correct assessment and psychologycal support from Primary Care and community mental health services are showed in this article.


Paediatrics Patient Care Team Posttraumatic stress disorder Posttraumatic symptoms Primary care

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