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Vol. 25 - Num. 99

Clinical Reviews

Once upon a time there was a girl and her cute kitty

Verónica Gimeno-Hernández Garzaa, M.ª Teresa Cenarro Guerrerob, Belén Salinas Salvadora, María Vázquez Sáncheza, Esther Pitarch Rocaa, M.ª Violeta Fariña Jaraa

aMIR-Pediatría. Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet. Zaragoza. España.
bPediatra. CS José Ramón Muñoz Fernández-Ruiseñores. Zaragoza. España.

Correspondence: V Gimeno-Hernández . E-mail: vgimenohernan@salud.aragon.es

Reference of this article: Gimeno-Hernández Garza V, Cenarro Guerrero MT, Salinas Salvador B, Vázquez Sánchez M, Pitarch Roca E, Fariña Jara MV. Once upon a time there was a girl and her cute kitty . Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2023;25:e91-e94. https://doi.org/10.60147/0e19a8ba

Published in Internet: 06-09-2023 - Visits: 2371

Abstract

Introduction: Campylobacter is a well-known food-borne pathogen that causes human gastroenteritis. The most common way for children to become infected with campylobacteriosis is through chicken that is not fully cooked, another important source of infection are domestic puppies.

Case report: it is presented the case of an eight-year-old girl with acute gastroenteritis, the first diagnostic suspicion was giardiasis due to epidemic environment (domestic cat). A stool culture was collected in which Campylobacter jejuni was detected. Azithromycin was prescribed because of prolonged symptoms. Throughout the control in the health center, family reported that a new fecal sample has been requested from the cat due to the persistence of the symptoms despite treatment with metronidazole. Finally, Campylobacter jejuni also grew in the pet's stool culture. After both finished antibiotic treatment, they remained asymptomatic. The possible suspected infection source was the chicken heart with which the cat was regularly fed. 

Conclusions: the evaluation of the child with acute gastroenteritis begins with a careful history which includes epidemiological environment and suspicious food intake. Ocassionally, pets are also a source of transmission to our patients. In this case, the suspected contamination chain was: uncooked chicken heart- domestic cat faeces-girl.

Keywords

Campylobacter Diarrhoea Gastroenteritis Paediatrics

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