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Vol. 24 - Num. 95

Original Papers

Prevalence of arterial hypertension in children and adolescents in Latin America: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Cristina Zurique Sáncheza, Marina Zurique Sánchezb, Paul Camacho Lópeza, Angélica Delgado Beltránc, Karen Velásquez Vanegasd, Marina Sánchez Sanabriae, Alfonso Vesga Bastidasf

aEpidemiólogo. Departamento de investigaciones, desarrollo e innovación tecnológica. Fundación Oftalmológica de Santander Clínica Carlos Ardila Lulle. Floridablanca. Santander. Colombia.
bMIR-Anestesiología. Departamento de Anestesiología. Universidad de Cartagena. Cartagena. Bolívar. Colombia.
cPediatra. Departamento de Pediatría. Hospital Internacional de Colombia. Piedecuesta. Santander. Colombia.
dMédica. Departamento de Pediatría. Hospital Internacional de Colombia. Piedecuesta. Santander. Colombia.
eEnfermera. Magister en Salud Publica. Departamento de Enfermería. Universidad Popular del Cesar. Valledupar. Cesar. Colombia.
fMédico. Departamento de Hemato-oncología. Hospital Internacional de Colombia. Piedecuesta. Santander. Colombia.

Correspondence: C Zurique. E-mail: czurique@unab.edu.co

Reference of this article: Zurique Sánchez C, Zurique Sánchez M, Camacho López P, Delgado Beltrán A, Velásquez Vanegas K, Sánchez Sanabria M, et al. Prevalence of arterial hypertension in children and adolescents in Latin America: a systematic review and meta-analysis . Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2022;24:e275-e281.

Published in Internet: 04-10-2022 - Visits: 1202

Abstract

Introduction: high blood pressure (HBP) in children and adolescents is a serious public health problem. Although it is recognized as such, the resulting burden of disease in the Latin American paediatric population remains unknown. The objective of this study was to determine the global prevalence of HBP in children and adolescents in Latin America, overall and by sex and geographical area.

Materials and methods: we carried out a systematic literature review through the MedLine, Embase, Lilacs, Scielo, MedCarib and Google Academic databases to identify studies that analysed the prevalence of HBP in children and adolescents in Latin America. Subsequently, we performed a meta-analysis to obtain a quantitative synthesis of the global prevalence of HBP in the paediatric population.

Results: in November 2020, the literature search yielded 6437 potentially relevant publications, of which 77 studies were finally included in the quantitative synthesis. The global prevalence of HBP in the Latin American paediatric population was 8% (95% confidence interval, 7 to 9%), with a higher prevalence in males and in urban settings.

Conclusion: this is the first systematic review to determine the prevalence of HBP in children and adolescents in Latin America, which turned out to be higher compared to the prevalence estimated at the global level and even for other continents.

Keywords

Adolescents Children Hypertension Prevalence

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