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Vol. 10 - Num. 40

Original Papers

Temperament, anxiety and depression in pediatric population

Antonio Pelaz Antolína, C Bayón Pérezb, A Fernández Liriac, P Rodríguez Ramosd

aPsiquiatra Infantil. Centro de Salud Mental. Servicio Madrileño de Salud, Área 3. Alcalá de Henares. Madrid. España.
bPsiquiatra. Hospital Universitario La Paz. Servicio Madrileño de Salud, Área 5. Madrid. España.
cPsiquiatra. Hospital Príncipe de Asturias. Servicio Madrileño de Salud, Área 3. Alcalá de Henares. Madrid. España.
dPsiquiatra Infantil. Centro de Salud Mental de Tetuán. Servicio Madrileño de Salud, Área 5. Madrid. España.

Correspondence: A Pelaz. E-mail: apelaz@gmail.com

Reference of this article: Pelaz Antolín A, Bayón Pérez C, Fernández Liria A, Rodríguez Ramos P. Temperament, anxiety and depression in pediatric population. Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2008;10:617-25.

Published in Internet: 31-12-2008 - Visits: 8163

Abstract

Introduction: the main aim of this study is to investigate the relation between the traits of temperament and character and symptoms of anxiety and depression in the general child population.

Material and methods: Junior Temperament and Character Inventory, Kovacs´s Children Depression Inventory and Spielberger´s State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children were administered to 827 children of between 9 and 13 years, 342 girls and 481 boys.

Results: all the dimensions of temperament and character presented statistically significant correlations with the scores in the questionnaires of anxiety and depression. We found the highest values in harm avoidance and self-directedness, which resulted positive and negative respectively.

Conclusions: the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory of Cloninger could be an interesting tool to detect children in risk of suffering some psychopathologycal disorder.

Keywords

Anxiety Character Depression Temperament

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