Vol. 10 - Num. 39
aPediatra. CS Pasaia San Pedro. Pasajes. Guipúzcoa. España.
bPediatra. CS de Beraun. Rentería. Guipúzcoa. España.
cDUE. CS de Beraun. Rentería. Guipúzcoa. España.
dBecaria investigación. Hospital Donostia. Guipúzcoa. España.
Correspondence: P Gorrotxategi. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Reference of this article: Gorrotxategi Gorrotxategi P, De la Iglesia de la Calle E, Santos Izaguirre MS, Aramburu Bengoechea MJ. Experience of addiction to drugs in a group of adolescents. Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2008;10:409-22.
Published in Internet: 30-09-2008
Objective: to evaluate the attitude of the adolescents and the magnitude of the drug consumption, both legal and illegal, through a survey, in order to infer the formative needs and to work on a preventive and health´s promotion program.
Subject and methods: an anonymous survey to the students of two Secondary Schools of the health area. Four hundred and forty-five surveys have been made to adolescents between 14 y 18 (mean: 16.04), 13 were excluded because of insufficient information.
Results: one hundred and eighty-four adolescents (45%) say that they have smoked in the last 6 months, 217 have drunk alcohol (64%), 111 have taken cannabis (44%), 21 cocaine (9%) and pills (MDMA, amphetamines) (7%). Twenty-two percent of the adolescents have no taken any of these substances. As for the consideration of those products as drugs, they all agree that the heroin is a drug, but that was not so clear in the case of the rest, with the next percentages: cocaine (98%), pills (98%), hashish (96%), tobacco (80%) and finally alcohol (64%).
Conclusions: alcohol is the most consumed drug by these adolescents and it is what they consider the least as a drug. The same happens, in a lesser extent, with tobacco and hashish. It´s necessary to give the adolescents true information about the danger and consequences of the "legal drugs".
Keywords● Alcoholism ● Drug addiction ● Prevention ● Primary Care ● Teenagers ● Tobacco addiction
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