Sexuality and contraception
Reference of this article: Peinado Rodríguez MT. Sexuality and contraception. Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2008;10 Supl 2:e19-43.
Published in Internet: 30-06-2008
Nearly half of all pregnancies of women under 20 years end in abortion. The incidence of
sexually transmitted infections in young people and teenagers increases and this represents a
high social cost, and even more in personal development. Sexual education and the easy access
to health services can help them enjoy a safe sexuality.
The pre-adolescence counts also, and paediatricians are the best placed, from a health
point of view, to help teenagers by means of guiding them with possibilities and coherences in
sexual and reproductive health.
Barrier methods, specifically condoms, and hormonal contraception are the preferred options
for contraception in adolescents. Due to the deficiencies in the management of preventive
methods in adolescence, it is advisable to use dual protection: condoms and hormonal contraception
together. This would help avoiding unwanted pregnancies and would protect from
sexually transmitted infections. Emergency contraception is a very important therapeutic tool
for preventing unplanned pregnancies.
Keywords● Contraception ● Health ● Pregnancy ● Sexuality ● Teenagers