The child adopted abroad. Primary care paediatrician´s role
Ángel Hernández Merinoa
aPediatra de Atención Primaria. Madrid. Vocal del Comité Asesor de Vacunas de la AEP. España.
Reference of this article: Hernández Merino A. The child adopted abroad. Primary care paediatrician´s role. Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2006; 8 Supl 2:S55-75.
Published in Internet: 30-06-2006 - Visits: 8147
More of 40000 children coming from more than 100 countries are adopted in the world
every year. International adoption has experienced an extraordinary increase recently, specially
in our country. Spain has been the first country in the European Union and the second
in the world in absolute numbers of annual adoptions in 2004 (and the first of the world in
the rate of adoption per population). According to data from the Ministry of Work and Social
Affaires, between 1997 and 2004, 24042 foreign children were adopted in our country. Eastern
Europe, Asia and Latin America have been the most important regions of origin. The proposal
of this paper is to think about the sanitary requirements of these children and the participation
of Primary Care paediatricians in the international adoption process. Children adopted
abroad build up a group with special although heterogeneous health needs. They
frequently suffer from certain conditions, most of them detectable through screening tests.
Specific and synergic actuation from different levels of sanitary care will offer the best opportunities
of efficient detection and resolution of the problems. Primary Care paediatrician?s participation
is fundamental and must be systematic, precise and continuous. It is necessary to
promote research in this field in order to know the real health situation of the children adopted
abroad and to propose practical recommendations to satisfy their health necessities.
Keywords● Adoption ● International adoption ● Paediatrics ● Primary care ● Research ● Screening