Analysis of the seated position in a school population through a questionnaire and its possible influence on vertebral pains
Reference of this article: Ramos Espada D, González Montesinos JL, Mora Vicente J, Mora Fernández M. Analysis of the seated position in a school population through a questionnaire and its possible influence on vertebral pains. Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2005;7:377-393.
Published in Internet: 30-09-2005 - Visits: 6729
Objectives: Through this study, it is intended to know which are the postural habits and
ergonomic knowledge on the different ways that the adolescents adopt when sitting down.
It also seeks to settle down relationships among the different adopted positions (of attention,
of writing and of rest) and the appearance of back pain.
Material and method: We developed and applied a questionnaire directed to a population
of 700 adolescents (n = 700) and carried out in five Compulsory Secondary Education
schools in Ponferrada, Toreno and Cacabelos (belonging to the province of León).
Results: Data are obtained on the positions more often adopted by the students in three
situations: position of attention (the teacher?s explanation), writing position (taking notes)
and position of rest (time of leisure sitting down in their houses). Also it is proven the high
number of hours that they spend in seated position along the day and if the different adopted
positions have any influence in the suffering of vertebral pains.
Conclusions: The number of hours which students spend in seated position causes the
increment of muscular imbalances. This factor together to a not well adapted furniture and
to the adoption of incorrect postures can increase the number of vertebral pains suffered
along their lives.
Keywords● Ergonomics ● Human Engineering ● Muscular imbalances ● Postural habits ● Prevention ● Seated position