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Vol. 25 - Num. 97

Brief Reports

Depressive disorders of childhood and adolescence. Main warning signs. Guidance for treatment

Macarena Oteíza Collantea, Iría Méndezb, Pilar Santamarina Pérezc, Soledad Romerod

aPsicóloga clínica. Servicio de Psiquiatría y Psicología Infantil y Juvenil. Hospital Clínico. Universidad de Barcelona. Barcelona. España.
bPsiquiatra. Servicio de Psiquiatría. Hospital Universitario Mutua de Terrassa. Barcelona. España.
cPsicóloga clínica. Servicio de Psiquiatría y Psicología Infantil y Juvenil. Hospital Clínico. Barcelona. España.
dServicio de Psiquiatría y Psicología Infantil y Juvenil. Hospital Clínico. Barcelona. CIBERSAM. Instituto Carlos III. España.

Correspondence: M Oteíza. E-mail: moteiza@outlook.cl

Reference of this article: Oteíza Collante M, Méndez I, Santamarina Pérez P, Romero S. Depressive disorders of childhood and adolescence. Main warning signs. Guidance for treatment . Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2023;25:83-93.

Published in Internet: 14-03-2023 - Visits: 12272

Abstract

Depression has ceased to be an illness only for adults, to appear more and more frequently in children and adolescents, especially in the last decade. This diagnosis can become a severe and long-lasting problem, which can interfere in all aspects of the development of the child, his family, and his community. The present work consists of a bibliographic and updated review on child and adolescent depression to facilitate the early detection at the pediatric primary services, and early derivation for treatment at the child and adolescent mental health services. First, we present the risk factors and protective factors that may signal populations-at-risk; then, the main symptoms and the diagnostic criteria for each stage of development, as well as tools for differential diagnosis. Finally, we briefly review the evidence-based treatments at each level of severity.

Keywords

Childhood depression Depression Youth depression

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