Nutrients intake and feeding habits of teenagers in Balaguer
Reference of this article: Garbayo Solana J, Craviotto R, Abelló M, Gómez C, Oliver M, Marimón L, et al. Nutrients intake and feeding habits of teenagers in Balaguer. Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2000;2:399-410.
Published in Internet: 30-09-2000
Objective: We analyse the feeding habits of the teenagers in a rural area, The composition
of the food ingested in energy and nutrients.
Method: Transversal descriptiva study by means of a survey of food ingestion frequency
(7 days). In a sample of 156 teenagers: 70 boys (45%) and 86 girls (55%) of the municipal
term of Balaguer in Lleida.
Results: Among the most frequently ingested food, are vegetables (240.4 ± 142.7 gr/d),
milky/dairy products (295.9 ± 137.0 g/d), legumes (91.7 ± 72.5 g/d) and a little ingestion
of fruit (144.7 ± 88 g/d), the rest of food is similar to other studies in this town. The contribution
of calories in this diet is appropriate to their age. There is an excess of proteins 148.7
g/d (27% of calories) and a low quantity of fat 93.6 (21%). The calcium (746.5 mg) and the
iron (20.1 mg) contributions are appropriate to their age.The dairy products constitute an
important source of nutrients and the main source of calcium in this age.
In general, the protein ingestion is higher than recommended, and since the highest
percentage of them come from animals, our population eat much more proteins than recommended.
Conclusion: The adolescent food habits in our town are the same as our surrounding habits,
emphatizing a highest quantity of greens and vegetables and less consumption of fruits.
This model diet gives the necessary calories but an excess in proteins in decrement of
fats. The dairy ones constitute in these ages, an important source of nutrients and calcium
adequate their needs.
It is important to know the pattern of food in each community to design programmes of
education in food and nutrition.
Keywords● Feeding ● Nutrition ● Teenagers