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Vol. 12 - Num. 45

Original Papers

Lifestyle, dietetic habits and overweight and obesity prevalence in a pediatric population

Ángel Edo Martíneza, I Montaner Gomisb, A Bosch Moragaa, MR Casademont Ferrera, MT Fábrega Bautistaa, Á Fernández Buenoc, M Gamero Garcíac, MA Ollero Torresc

aPediatra. CAP Carmel (Institut Català de la Salut). Barcelona. España.
bMédico de Familia. CAP Carmel (Institut Català de la Salut). Barcelona. España.
cDUE. CAP Carmel (Institut Català de la Salut). Barcelona. España.

Correspondence: Á Edo. E-mail: aedo.bcn.ics@gencat.cat

Reference of this article: Edo Martínez Á, Montaner Gomis I, Bosch Moraga A, Casademont Ferrer MR, Fábrega Bautista MT, Fernández Bueno Á, et al. Lifestyle, dietetic habits and overweight and obesity prevalence in a pediatric population. Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2010;12:41-52.

Published in Internet: 31-03-2010 - Visits: 17974

Abstract

Objectives: to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children, characteristics of their dietary habits, lifestyle and other associated determinants.

Material and method: design: cross-sectional study. Location: PrimaryHealthCenter, urban area. Participants: children > 6 and < 10 years of ABS El Carmel (Barcelona) (n = 716). Selection criteria: random sample (n = 340; prevalence: 15%; CI: 95%; accuracy: 3%) from the database SIAP (System for Information in Primary Care), no exclusion criteria were established. No answer: n = 63 (95%: address error; 5%: lack of interest).

Measurements: weight, height (for BMI), Quick Test and Short Test from Krece Plus (for diet and lifestyle). Descriptive and bivariate analysis: Chi-square, t-test, ANOVA test, correlation test and logistic regression.

Results: two hundred and seventy-six surveys (81.4%). Overweight prevalence: 11.59% (95% CI: 7.81%-15.32%); obesity prevalence: 10.14% (95% CI: 6.58%-13.7%). Food habits: 52.3% optimal feeding habits and 4.4% inadequate. Lifestyle: 58.7% bad lifestyle and 3.6% good lifestyle. The BMI mean was higher (p < 0.05) in inactive children, in low education level of mothers, or in born outside Spain. Overweight and obesity in children is 3.6 times higher (95% CI: 1.37-8.05) if the father is obese and 3.1 times higher (95% CI: 1.19-7.31) if the mother is obese.

Conclusions: the study provides a baseline for establishing the guidelines and activities of the community intervention program for preventing childhood obesity.

Keywords

Dietary habits Pediatric obesity Physical exercise Primary Care

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