Reference of this article: Bofarull Bosch JM, Calvo Piñero N, Piñol Moreso JL. Anxiety in adolescents attending Primary Care Centres in Catalonia. Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2006;8:211-22.
Published in Internet: 30-06-2006 - Visits: 8425
Introduction and objectives: the important biological changes develop during adolescence
and influenced by socio-economic factors, which enable the human being to pass
from a dependent childhood to an independent adult life, the anxiety may appear in its different
varieties and forms of expression.
Our objectives are determine the prevalence of anxiety in its different forms in a representative
sample of adolescents in primary care centers.
Methods and patient: autoadministration of STAIC test in a sample of 1,150 adolescents
from 12-16 years of age, who have been visited in primary care centers in Catalonia
from June 2002 to May 2003.
Results: the 27% (IC95%: 24,4-29,6) of adolescents present anxiety of both types:
10,8% (IC95%: 9,1-12,7) anxiety a temporal state only and 16,2% (IC95%14,1-18,4) anxiety
as a stable predisposition only or as a mixed form. Sex, age, reason for which they consult,
monoparental families, brother?s number, place of birth, parents cultural level, all were
factors which were associated, in a statistically significant form, with a greater prevalence of
both varieties of anxiety.
Conclusions: prevalence of anxiety in adolescents who visit primary care centers is high.
There is an increase of cases depending on certain factors, such as sex, age, monoparental
families, reasons for which they consult, brother?s number, place of birth and parents academic
level; the knowledge of which can be useful to us in order to recognise risk factors in
Keywords● Adolescents ● Anxiety ● Primary care