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Vol. 25 - Num. 99

Original Papers

Assessment of physical activity domains and physical fitness components in 4-5 year old children in a health centre

Gaizka Legarra Gorgoñona, Yesenia García Alonsoa, Robinson Ramírez Véleza, Blanca Erice Echegarayb, Paula Moreno Gonzálezb, Mikel Izquierdoa, Alicia M.ª Alonso Martíneza

aGrupo de Investigacion E-FIT. Navarrabiomed. Hospital Universitario de Navarra. Universidad Pública de Navarra. Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Navarra (IdiSNA). Pamplona. Navarra. España.
bServicio de Pediatría. Hospital Universitario de Navarra. Navarrabiomed. Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Navarra (IdiSNA). Pamplona. Navarra. España.

Correspondence: AM Alonso. E-mail: aliciamaria.alonso@unavarra.es

Reference of this article: Legarra Gorgoñon G, García Alonso Y, Ramírez Vélez R, Erice Echegaray B, Moreno González P, Izquierdo M, et al. Assessment of physical activity domains and physical fitness components in 4-5 year old children in a health centre . Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2023;25 [en prensa]. https://doi.org/10.60147/3c63021d

Published in Internet: 05-07-2023 - Visits: 644

Abstract

Introduction: lack of physical activity and sedentary lifestyles in children are associated with increased adiposity, low cardiovascular fitness, and risk of cardiovascular disease. However, meeting physical activity recommendations is associated with improvements in mental health, decreased anxiety and depression, and better health habits.

Objectives: to assess the relationship between different domains of physical activity and sedentary behaviour, measured objectively, and components of physical fitness in Spanish children aged 4 and 5 years.

Population and methods: cross-sectional study within the project “Observatory and intervention programme on physical exercise and lifestyles in families for children aged 4 to 5 years in primary care” (https://observatorioactividadfisica.es). Physical fitness was assessed with the PREFIT battery. To measure the amount and intensity of physical activity, a GENEActiv tri-axial accelerometer was used and placed on the non-dominant hand for 7 consecutive days 24 hours a day.

Results: the sample assessed was 70 children (38 boys and 32 girls) with a mean (95% confidence interval [CI]) of 4.83 years. There were no significant differences in physical fitness between boys and girls, but differences in physical activity were found. Boys performed higher intensity and longer physical activity than girls. In addition, a strong significant relationship was found between the components of physical fitness and physical activity domains of 4- and 5-year-olds.

Conclusions: these findings highlight the importance of promoting active lifestyles from an early age and the need for structured training programs to reduce sedentary behavior and improve physical fitness in this population.

Keywords

Physical activity Physical fitness Preschoolers Sedentary behavior

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