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Vol. 23 - Num. 91

Original Papers

Twenty years after: prevalence and evolution of burnout in pediatrics, from 1998-1999 to 2018-2019

Martí Peiraua, Montse Esquerdab, Carme Gabarrellc, Josep Pifarred

aFacultad de Medicina. Universidad de Lleida. Lleida. España.
bFacultad de Medicina. Universidad de Lleida. Instituto Borja de Bioètica. Universidad Ramon Llull. Barcelona. Hospital Sant Joan de Déu Terres de Lleida. Lleida. España.
cPediatra ICS. Lleida. España.
dFacultad de Medicina. Universidad de Lleida. Hospital Sant Joan de Déu Terres de Lleida. Hospital Universitario Santa María-GSS. Lleida. España.

Correspondence: M Esquerda. E-mail: mesquerda@ibb.url.edu

Reference of this article: Peirau M, Esquerda M, Gabarrell C, Pifarre J. Twenty years after: prevalence and evolution of burnout in pediatrics, from 1998-1999 to 2018-2019. Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2021;23:253-60.

Published in Internet: 01-09-2021 - Visits: 785

Abstract

Introduction: burnout is a chronic stress syndrome, described as a process of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment. It has a high impact both on a personal level and on healthcare quality and safety, and its prevalence is high. The present study aims to determine the prevalence of this syndrome among paediatricians in Lleida, analyze its relationship with various variables and compare the current results with those of the previous 1998 study.

Method: descriptive, cross-sectional observational study that evaluates sociodemographic information and Maslach burn-out questionnaire. The data are compared with that of the 1998 study, in which the same data were collected.

Results: 42 paediatricians (64%) participated, 66% of women, mean age 42.1 years. 36% had scores suggestive of burnout syndrome in emotional exhaustion. There were no differences regarding hours worked, gender, marital status, or workplace. The paediatricians with the most professional burnout presented greater disappointment and depression towards work, as well as a greater presence of physical and/or mental illness. On the other hand, those who conceived work as a vocation and enjoyed institutional recognition presented higher values of personal accomplishment. Data has been compared with 1998 study.

Conclusions: the prevalence of high burnout is 36%. The figure of approximately one third of paediatricians with significant levels of burnout has been confirmed, which is structurally present and requires approach strategies, not only the individual but also the team and the organizations.

Keywords

Emotional distress Medical professionalism Occupational stress Professional burnout

 

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