Reference of this article: López-Hermosa Seseña P. Current role of Mantoux in children. Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 1999;1:439-451.
Published in Internet: 30-09-1999
The TST is the only diagnostic method to detect tuberculous infection. The epidemiologic
value of such test is of first magnitude , since it allows detecting high-prevalence tuberculous
infection areas and potential new cases.
In 1992, the Consenso Nacional para el Control de la Tuberculosis, in Spain recommends
passive searching of cases in patients with bronchopulmonary findings who spontaneusly demand
medical care. Some high-risk situations are known in which active cases search is advised,
such as close contacts of tuberculosis diseased, HIV infection, and AIDS. On the other
hand, some population subgroups are given in which the decision of active searching must
rely on medical and epidemiologic criteria, as well as on the facilities available.
Keywords● Infantile ● Screening ● Tuberculin test ● Tuberculosis