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Vol. 26 - Num. 101

Clinical Reviews

Post-infectious bronchiolitis obliterans secondary to adenovirus

Sara Beltrán Garcíaa, Elena Aranda Conchellob, Carlos Martín de Vicentec, Mercedes Odriozola Grijalbac, Mercedes Cemeli Canoa

aPediatra. CS Valdespartera. Zaragoza. España.
bServicio de Pediatría. Hospital Universitario Materno Infantil Miguel Servet. Zaragoza. España.
cServicio de Neumología Pediátrica. Hospital Materno Infantil Miguel Servet. Zaragoza. España.

Correspondence: S Beltrán. E-mail: sarabeltran25@hotmail.com

Reference of this article: Beltrán García S, Aranda Conchello E, Martín de Vicente C, Odriozola Grijalba M, Cemeli Cano M. Post-infectious bronchiolitis obliterans secondary to adenovirus . Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2024;26:81-4. https://doi.org/10.60147/8ef93f7f

Published in Internet: 21-02-2024 - Visits: 837

Abstract

Bronchiolitis obliterans is a rare chronic obstructive respiratory disease secondary to damage of the lower respiratory tract causing inflammation and partial or total obliteration of it. There are different causes, being infectious the most frequent in pediatrics, mainly due to adenovirus.

We present the case of an 18-month-old male infant with a history of admission to the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit at 8 months of age due to bronchitis secondary to respiratory syncytial virus and adenovirus. After this episode, he presented persistent respiratory distress and pathological pulmonary auscultation. High resolution pulmonary computed tomography showed a mosaic pattern with areas of air trapping and decreased vascular caliber in the affected areas, findings suggestive of bronchiolitis obliterans.

Keywords

Adenovirus Bronchiolitis obliterans Post-infectious

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