Health status comparison between a sample of immigrant and native adolescents
Reference of this article: Roa Santervás L, González Cerrajero M, Suárez C. Health status comparison between a sample of immigrant and native adolescents. Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2006;8:595-604.
Published in Internet: 31-12-2006 - Visits: 7233
1.º To establish the Primary Care demands of immigrant adolescents compared to those
of native teenagers and study if those differences are due to their health status.
2.º To identify the reasons that determine the differences in health status.
Material and methods: unique phase cross sectional survey with self filled questionnaire
set in a high school of Madrid (Spain). 60 teenagers (30 natives and 30 immigrants) of ages between
14 and 17 years answered the CHIP-AE (health status questionnaire). The main outcome
measures were domains and subdomains of the CHIP-AE and demographic markers.
Results: the average stay in our country for immigrants was 3.7 years (SD 1.36). When facing
a health problem, 36.7% of immigrant teenagers visited their Primary Care physician against 26.7
% of the native youth. Seventy-five point fifty-eight percent of those who did not visit their doctors
did not do it because of difficult access. Differences found for severe acute diseases in CHIPAE
scale among foreign and native teenagers resulted to be statistically significant. The most important
differences in the CHIP-AE are found between adolescents of different sex.
Conclusions: immigrant teenagers of our sample visit more their Primary Care physician.
They admit to have less episodes of illness though with worse results in psychological
aspects than natives. Among all the factors seen in the study, the one that determines more
differences in health is sex.
Keywords● Adolescent ● Health status ● Immigrant children ● Primary care