Reference of this article: Mora Gandarillas I. Asthma and sports. Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2005;7 Supl 2:S127-135.
Published in Internet: 30-06-2005
The term Exercise-Induced Bronchospasm, preferable to the Exercise-Induced Asthma,
is referred to the appearance of symptoms as cough, chest tightness, shortness of breath or
wheeze, triggered by the exercise both in people with asthma and also in healthy people,
and especially in sportsmen.
In this article is made a revision about the characteristics that define it, the factors connected
with its appearance, the prevalence among different groups and the clinic criteria to
its diagnosis. It is described the exercise test, gold standard for the confirmation diagnosis.
The prevention in its appearance includes general rules and treatment with drugs as beta-
2 agonists, cromolyn and nedocromil sodium, and anti-leukotrienes agents, that turn out
to be efficient in most people.
It is essential to encourage the patients to practise usual physical activity, according to
their preferences and abilities, that should not be limited as consequence of suffering from
asthma or exercise-induced bronchospasm.
Keywords● Asthma ● Exercise-induced asthma ● Exercise-induced bronchospasm ● Physical activity