Childhood obesity prevention
Reference of this article: Colomer Revuelta J, Grupo PrevInfad/PAPPS Infancia y Adolescencia. Childhood obesity prevention. Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2005;7:255-275.
Published in Internet: 30-06-2005
Childhood obesity has become an important problem of public health in the last years
because of its acquired dimensions and growing tendency. Due to its difficult treatment it is
interesting to propose some interventions from Primary Care Pediatrics although there is
scarce scientific evidence.
The strategies in primary prevention are related with counselling directed to all the population
and related specially with healthy nutrition schedules, regular physical activity
and reduction of sedentary activities.
The screening of obesity has the objective of the identification of minors at risk for its
follow up. According to present knowledge there must be considered risk factors: parents
obesity, birth macrosomia, sedentary behaviour, inadequate diet and changes in body mass
index (BMI). The recommendations include regular valuation in every periodic health control
since two years of age of weight, height and BMI compared with reference curves for
sex and age. Are considered at risk: incrementation of adiposity before 5 years of age and
BMI growing of more than 2 units/year.
Keywords● Pediatric obesity ● Pediatric Primary Care ● Prevention ● Screening
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