Development and application of a questionnaire to school population on backpacks and its influence on back pain
Reference of this article: Ramos Espada D, González Montesinos JL, Mora Vicente J, Ares Camerino A, Martínez González J. Development and application of a questionnaire to school population on backpacks and its influence on back pain. Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2004;6:199-208.
Published in Internet: 30-06-2004
Objectives: through this study, it is intended to know which habits and ergonomic
knowledge we have on the transportation of school material. Besides, we know which
weight students carry and to contrast it with the data that specialists recommend.
Method: development and application of a guided questionnaire to 700 adolescents
carried out in five Compulsory Secondary Education schools in Ponferrada, Toreno and Cacabelos
(all the schools are placed in León province).
Results: relevant data are obtained in the use of the backpack as the most common way
to transport school materials. The weight transported is superior to the recommended one.
This weight excess is found with bigger frequency among the younger students of the Compulsory
Secondary Education schools.
Conclusions: it must be avoided that pupils transport superior weight to the healthily
allowed. In addition, enough knowledge on ergonomics should be provided to get a correct
formation of their backs.
Keywords● Back Pain ● Human Engineering ● Prevention ● Teenagers