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Vol. 25 - Num. 100

Airways Network Group

Primary care pediatrician and acute laryngitis

M.ª Teresa Callén Blecuaa, Olga Cortés Ricob, Isabel Reig Rincón de Arellanoc, Grupo de Vías Respiratorias (GVR)d

aPediatra de Atención Primaria. San Sebastián. España
bPediatra. CS Canillejas. Madrid. España
cUnidad de Alergia. Hospital Arnau-Llíria. Valencia. España
dAsociación Española de Pediatría de Atención Primaria (AEPap).

Correspondence: MT Callén. E-mail: callen.maite@gmail.com

Reference of this article: Callén Blecua MT, Cortés Rico O, Reig Rincón de Arellano I, Grupo de Vías Respiratorias (GVR). Primary care pediatrician and acute laryngitis . Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2023;25:425-7. https://doi.org/10.60147/951ff4e9

Published in Internet: 26-12-2023 - Visits: 2506

Abstract

Acute laryngitis/croup is a common disease of viral origin, which is the most frequent cause of upper airway obstruction in childhood. It is characterized by the presence of a variable degree of dog or metal cough, aphonia, stridor and respiratory distress. The estimated incidence is 3-6% of children between 3-6 months and 6 years, with a peak in the second year of life and during the autumn and winter. The main cause is the parainfluenza virus type 1. The diagnosis is made based on the symptoms, barking cough, hoarseness and inspiratory stridor. No other examinations are necessary. Depending on the severity, which will be objectively established with a clinical score, will the treatment be prescribed. Oral corticosteroids are the treatment of choice in all diagnosed children. Pharmacological treatment is corticosteroids and adrenaline in moderate and severe laryngitis. Oral dexamethasone is the corticosteroid of choice in all cases.

Keywords

Acute laryngitis Corticosteroid Croup Dysphonia Stridor

Note:

Este texto corresponde a una versión abreviada y autorizada del texto original publicado en febrero de 2023 en la web del Grupo de Vías Respiratorias (https://www.respirar.org/index.php/protocolos), donde puede accederse al texto completo y a las referencias bibliográficas.

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