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Vol. 24 - Num. 95

Special Articles

Feminism, child care and children's rights. Feminists in the first national congresses of Pediatrics

Pedro J. Gorrotxategi Gorrotxategia, Ainhoa Zabaleta Ruedab, Víctor Manuel García Nietoc, Miguel Ángel Zafra Antad, Elena Alonso Lebreroa

aPediatra. Grupo de Trabajo de Historia de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (AEP). CS Pasaia San Pedro. Pasajes. Guipúzcoa. España.
bPediatra. CS Pasaia San Pedro. Pasajes. Guipúzcoa. España.
cPediatra. Grupo de Trabajo de Historia de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (AEP) . España.
dPediatra. Grupo de Trabajo de Historia de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (AEP). Servicio de Pediatría. Hospital de Fuenlabrada. Fuenlabrada. Madrid. España.

Correspondence: PJ Gorrotxategi. E-mail: pedro.gorrotxa@gmail.com

Reference of this article: Gorrotxategi Gorrotxategi PJ, Zabaleta Rueda A, García Nieto VM, Zafra Anta MA, Alonso Lebrero E. Feminism, child care and children's rights. Feminists in the first national congresses of Pediatrics . Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2022;24:321-6.

Published in Internet: 20-09-2022 - Visits: 870

Abstract

Analysing the participation of women in the first paediatric congresses, it stands out that many of them belonged to feminist organisations and that, in addition to their militancy, they were concerned about children and their educational and legal concerns.

Review of the records and publications related to the first five National Paediatric Congresses (NCP) (1914-1933), biographies of the participants and publications on feminism in the 1920s and 1930s have been reviewed.

In the first 5 NPCs 14 women participated, 15% were from the health field, 65% from the education field and 29% from the law field. Seven of them belonged to feminist organisations (50%).There are two generations of feminists who participated in the NPCs. The first generation was active in the National Association of Spanish Women, most of them holding organic positions, working in the education field. The second generation, related to Juventud Universitaria Femenina (Women's University Youth), was involved in law. Their participation in the NPCs was regarding these issues, education and children's rights. They also promoted other activities in defence of children on a social level, such as the "school canteens", "school breakfasts" or the "Children's Club", which provided leisure time for the most disadvantaged classes. 

The women who have been studied, from their feminist conception of life, not only worked for women's rights, but also strove to improve the lives of children and the recognition of their rights.

Keywords

Feminism Pediatric Congresses

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