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Vol. 24 - Num. 94

Original Papers

Vaccination coverage against pertussis and influenza in pregnant women managed in an urban primary care centre

Raquel González Olallaa, Juana Paredes Garridob

aPediatra. CS Entrevías. Madrid. España.
bEnfermera. CS Entrevías. Madrid. España.

Correspondence: R González. E-mail: rgolalla@gmail.com

Reference of this article: González Olalla R, Paredes Garrido J. Vaccination coverage against pertussis and influenza in pregnant women managed in an urban primary care centre. Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2022;24:e201-e206.

Published in Internet: 20-06-2022 - Visits: 500

Abstract

Introduction: pertussis is a highly contagious infectious disease. In infants, the severity of pertussis and its complications requires hospitalization in most cases and the associated mortality is high. Vaccination against specific diseases is particularly indicated in pregnancy, for instance influenza (inactivated vaccine) and pertussis.

Material and methods: we conducted an observational descriptive study. The study sample consisted of mother-child dyads selected through the identification of newborns assigned to the caseload of the Entrevías Primary Care Centre between January 2019 and March 2020. We collected data on the age, vaccination schedule of the pregnant woman, and episodes of pertussis documented in the health records of the infant in the first 2 months post birth.

Results: the vaccination coverage in pregnant women was 83.5% for the diphtheria, tetanus and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine and 39.5% for the influenza vaccine. There were 3 cases of pertussis in infants aged less than 3 months in the group of unvaccinated mothers, one of who died at 1 month post birth, and no cases in the group of vaccinated mothers.

Conclusions: the influenza vaccination coverage in pregnant women is below the recommended target, which evinces the need of measures to improve vaccination coverage in pregnant women. In the group of infants of mothers not vaccinated with the Tdap, there were 3 cases of pertussis (7%), and there were no cases in the group of infants of vaccinated mothers.

Keywords

Influenza vaccine Pertussis vaccine Pregnancy Vaccination coverage

 

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