Vol. 20 - Num. 80
aPsicóloga. Escuela de Medicina. Universidad de Manizales. Caldas. Colombia.
bPsicólogo social. Escuela de Psicología. Universidad de Manizales. Caldas. Colombia.
Correspondence: SC Cañón. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Reference of this article: Cañón Buitrago SC, Carmona Parra JA. Ideation and suicidal behaviors in adolescents and young. Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2018;20:387-97.
Published in Internet: 14-12-2018
Review article in which articles of research about the problem of suicidal thoughts and behaviors in young people in different countries of the world are analyzed. Information was obtained from countries such as the United States, Portugal, Australia, Taiwan, Spain China, Cuba, Chile, Mexico, Brazil, Colombia. For the search keywords such as suicide, adolescents, young people, suicide attempt were used. We studied research articles published in different journals and databases. The study finds that suicidal ideation in the world ranges between 10% and 35% and suicide attempts between 5% and 15%. The risk in young people in school is lower than in out-of-school youth. The factors associated with suicidal ideations and behaviors are grouped into four fields in order of importance: 1) negative emotions and stressors; 2) family, conjugal and interpersonal interactions; 3) biopsychosocial factors, and 4) Labor problems and social inequality. The study concludes that although depression, anxiety and other mental disorders are factors associated with suicidal ideations and behaviors, it is essential to consider these other factors for the prevention and intervention of these problems.
Keywords● Behaviors ● Suicide ● Teenagers ● Young
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