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Vol. 20 - Num. 79

Clinical Reviews

Seizures and skin lesions: report of a case of tuberous sclerosis

Paula García Sáncheza, María El Kadaoui Calvob, Blanca Sáez Gallegoc

aServicio de Urgencias. Hospital Universitario Infantil La Paz. Madrid. España.
bPediatra. CS Arroyo de la Media Legua. Madrid. España.
cMIR-Pediatría. Servicio de Pediatría. Hospital Universitario La Paz. Madrid. España.

Correspondence: P García. E-mail: paula.garsa@gmail.com

Reference of this article: García Sánchez P, El Kadaoui Calvo M, Sáez Gallego B. Seizures and skin lesions: report of a case of tuberous sclerosis. Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2018;20:253-6.

Published in Internet: 05-09-2018

Abstract

Tuberous sclerosis is a neurocutaneous syndrome characterized by the presence of hamartomas involving many organs. It presents autosomal dominant inheritance, although more than 60% of cases are sporadic, resulting from new mutations. Clinical presentation is variable, including cutaneous, neurological, renal, cardiac and ophthalmic manifestations. The diagnosis is based on genetic study and clinical criteria. Treatment is directed to the control of its neurological symptoms and other systemic manifestations. We describe the case of a 4-year-old girl sent to the Emergency Department with short-term seizures during one week and with skin lesions typical of tuberous sclerosis. Neuroimaging showed the characteristic cerebral tubers. We review the main aspects of this disease.

Keywords

Hamartoma Seizures Tuberous sclerosis

 

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