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Vol. 20 - Num. 77

Childhood and Adolescence PrevInfad/PAPPS Group

Early detection of developmental disorders (part 1)

José Galbe Sánchez-Venturaa, Manuel Merino Moínab, Carmen Rosa Pallás Alonsoc, Álvaro Rando Diegod, Francisco Javier Sánchez Ruiz-Cabelloe, Julia Colomer Revueltaf, Olga Cortés Ricog, M.ª Jesús Esparza Olcinah, Ana Gallego Iborrai, Jaime García Aguadoj, José María Mengual Gilk

aPediatra. CS Torrero La Paz. Zaragoza. España.
bPediatra. CS El Greco. Getafe. Madrid. España.
cServicio de Neonatología. Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre. Madrid. España.
dPediatra. CS Mejorada del Campo. Velilla de San Antonio. Madrid. España.
ePediatra. CS Zaidín Sur. Granada. España.
fDepartamento de Pediatría, Obstetricia y Ginecología. Unidad de Pediatría. Universidad de Valencia. Valencia. España.
gPediatra. CS Canillejas. Madrid. España.
hPediatra. CS Barcelona. Móstoles. Madrid. España.
iPediatra. CS Trinidad. Málaga. España.
jPediatra. CS Villablanca. Madrid. España.
kPediatra. CS Delicias Sur. Zaragoza. España (coordinador).

Correspondence: J Galbe. E-mail:

Reference of this article: Galbe Sánchez-Ventura J, Merino Moína M, Pallás Alonso CR, Rando Diego A, Sánchez Ruiz-Cabello FJ, Colomer Revuelta J, et al. Early detection of developmental disorders (part 1). Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2018;20:73-8.

Published in Internet: 22-02-2018


The expression development disorder is a wide concept that includes autism spectrum disorders. In this paper we will address the early detection of development disorders and in a second paper the autism spectrum disorders early detection. Development disorder is defined as any deviation in neurodevelopment below -1.5 standard deviations from the mean expected for the age. It is a limitation in the cognitive or adaptive functioning that starts in infancy and childhood and produces behavior disorders at home, school, or community. It can be also an intellectual handicap that can manifest as a language delay, or learning, reasoning or practical judgement disabilities, problem solution capacity impairment or abstract reasoning incapacity. In the last years, several expert groups have stressed the importance of the early detection of autism spectrum disorders and of all the development disorders in general. This recommendation in due to the relevance of the early start of therapies devoted to improving development disorders. In this paper and in the second one, that will be published in a next issue of this journal as the PrevInfad group collaboration, the author analyses the evidence and the group positions on the recommendations for the screening of development disorders and autism spectrum disorders.


Autistic spectrum disorders Developmental disabilities Diagnosis



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