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Vol. 18 - Num. 71

Brief Original Papers

Prevalence and factors associated with unintentional injuries in Spain

Marta Sastre Paza, Ana Clara Zonib, M.ª Jesús Esparza Olcinac, M.ª Isabel del Cura Gonzálezd

aSubdirección General de Prevención y Promoción de la Salud. Madrid Salud. Ayuntamiento de Madrid. Madrid. España.
bServicio de Informes de Salud y Estudios. Dirección General de Salud Pública. Consejería de Sanidad de la Comunidad de Madrid. Madrid. España.
cPediatra. Madrid. España.
dUnidad de Apoyo a la Investigación. Gerencia Asistencial de Atención Primaria. Servicio Madrileño de Salud. Profesora asociada. Universidad Rey Juan Carlos. Madrid. España. Red de Investigación en Servicios de Salud en Enfermedades Crónicas (REDISSEC).

Correspondence: M Sastre. E-mail: martasastrepaz@gmail.com

Reference of this article: Sastre Paz M, Zoni AC, Esparza Olcina MJ, del Cura González MI. Prevalence and factors associated with unintentional injuries in Spain. Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2016;18:253-8.

Published in Internet: 14-06-2016 - Visits: 7845

Abstract

Main objective: to describe the prevalence and analyze the sociodemographic factors associated with having suffered unintentional injury in the population under 15 years in Spain in 2011. Secondary ob­jectives: to describe the place where the accident occurs, the assistance and the damage occurred.

Methods: cross-sectional study using individual data from the National Health Survey (2011/2012). A descriptive and multi­variate analysis was carried out, stratified by sex, using logistic regression.

Results: the prevalence of injuries was 7.68% (95% confidence interval: 6.97-8.39); being more common in boys and between 5 and 15 years old. Most of the injuries occurred at home (25.3%). 75.6 % of the injured went to an emergency department. The most common damage was superficial bruises or injuries (63.5%).

Conclusions: the prevalence of unintentional injuries among children resident in Spain in 2011 was 7.68%. The factors associated with being injured in the pediatric population are being a boy and being older than one year.

Keywords

Accidents Child Unintentional injuries

 

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