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Vol. 16 - Num. 64

Childhood and Adolescence PrevInfad/PAPPS Group

Visual screening (part 1)

Jaime García Aguadoa, M.ª Jesús Esparza Olcinab, José Galbe Sánchez-Venturac, Ana Martínez Rubiod, José M.ª Mengual Gile, Manuel Merino Moínaf, Carmen Rosa Pallás Alonsog, Francisco Javier Sánchez Ruiz-Cabelloh, Julia Colomer Revueltai, Olga Cortés Ricoj, Javier Soriano Faurak, Grupo PrevInfad/PAPPS Infancia y Adolescencial

aPediatra. CS Villablanca. Madrid. España.
bPediatra. CS Barcelona. Móstoles. Madrid. España.
cPediatra. CS Torrero La Paz. Zaragoza. España.
dPediatra. CS de Camas. Sevilla. España.
ePediatra. CS Delicias Sur. Zaragoza. España.
fPediatra. CS El Greco. Getafe. Madrid. España.
gServicio de Neonatología. Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre. Madrid. España.
hPediatra. CS Zaidín Sur. Granada. España.
iDepartamento de Pediatría, Obstetricia y Ginecología. Unidad de Pediatría. Universidad de Valencia. Valencia. España.
jPediatra. CS Canillejas. Madrid. España.
kPediatra. CS Fuensanta. Valencia. España.
lJosé María Mengual Gil (coord.).

Correspondence: J García. E-mail:

Reference of this article: García Aguado J, Esparza Olcina MJ, Galbe Sánchez-Ventura J, Martínez Rubio A, Mengual Gil JM, Merino Moína M, et al. Visual screening (part 1). Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2014;16:e173-e194.

Published in Internet: 24-12-2014 - Visits: 10968


In this paper the recommendations of PrevInfad on visual screening in children are reviewed. The health benefits of early detection, and the validity and safety of the screening tests are analyzed as well as treatment effectivity, potential risks of early diagnosis and treatment of the detected problems.

PrevInfad recommends including eye inspection and red reflex test in the health visits of the first 6 month of life, as well as the detection of visual impairments (amblyopia, strabismus and refraction errors) at 3-5 years of age. Evidence to assess the balance between risks and benefits of reduced visual acuity screening in children 6 to 14 years old is insufficient.

Due to its extent, the text has been divided into two parts. We present in this paper the first of them.


Amblyopia Screening Visual acuity Visual impairment



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