Vol. 22 - Num. 88
aFacultad de Salud. Universidad del Valle. Cali. Colombia.
bInstitución Universitaria Antonio José Camacho Perea. Cali. Colombia.
Correspondence: M Salcedo-Cifuentes. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Reference of this article: Bermúdez A, Medina JJ, Salcedo-Cifuentes M. Correlation between iron deficiencies and enteroparasitism in children under 14 years of age from six urbanized indigenous councils in Colombia. Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2020;22:e187-e196.
Published in Internet: 02-12-2020 - Visits: 2252
Introduction: the comorbidities of anaemia and enteroparasitism remain a major public health problem in many developing countries, especially in communities with economically disadvantages. Objective: to assess the correlation between enteroparasitism and iron deficiency in children under aged 14 from the urbanized indigenous councils of the city of Santiago de Cali.
Method: observational and analytical study that involved a probabilistic sample of indigenous people under 14 years old. Three serial samples of fecal matter and blood were analyzed to establish the proportions of parasitized and non-parasitized minors; anemia and depletion of iron reserves. Descriptive, univariate and bivariate statistics were used, ending with multivariate analysis of main components and hierarchical cluster.
Results: 80% of the minors were parasitized, 17% had parascaris and trichocephalon. No statistically significant association was found between parasitism and gender; 5 minors between 5-7 years presented anemia. Three groups were identified with the multivariate analysis.
Conclusions: there is a high prevalence of global intestinal parasitism, particularly, there is a significant mild-moderate infestation caused by helminths; in general terms, anemia did not predominate in the study population and no significant associations were found between this and pathogenic parasites.
Keywords● Anemia ● indigenous ● intestinal parasites ● School-children
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