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Cine y Pediatría 8
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Vol. 21 - Num. 84

Original Papers

Analysis of tetanus vaccination coverage in adolescents: evolution and current state in Extremadura

Laura Serrano Peláeza

aFarmacéutica de Equipo Atención Primaria. CS de Montijo. Badajoz. España.

Correspondence: L Serrano. E-mail: laura.serrano@salud-juntaex.es

Reference of this article: Serrano Peláez L. Analysis of tetanus vaccination coverage in adolescents: evolution and current state in Extremadura. Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2019;21 [en prensa].

Published in Internet: 21-10-2019 - Visits: 571

Abstract

Introduction: tetanus is a severe acute disease with a difficult treatment, and because of that its prevention is essential. It is well-known the administration of 5 doses of tetanus vaccine is enough to confer long-term protection. In the last years, there has been some decrease in vaccination coverage, which implies non-immunized population. The aim of this study is to analyze the vaccination coverage of the booster dose against tetanus in adolescents in Santa Amalia, province of Badajoz (Spain), during the last 20 years (1996-2016).

Methods: cross-sectional observational study. Vaccination manual cards and manual registration and electronic records from JARA Health Care (JARA-AS) system of administrated doses were reviewed. Between 1996 and 2001, vaccination was done at school with manual registration. Since 2002, the vaccine was administered at health center, with manual (2002-2007) and computerized (2008-2016) registration.

Results: once the coverage within group was analyzed, the worst vaccination results were observed in the manual registration at health center (35.6%), while the best vaccination data were using computer records at health center (100%), followed by vaccinations at school (83.0%).

Conclusions: this study shows a high vaccination coverage of the booster dose against tetanus in 14-year adolescents in Santa Amalia, similar to the national coverage, despite the low coverage in the rest of Extremadura.

Keywords

Adolescent Immunization coverage Tetanus Vaccines

 

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