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Vol. 16 - Num. 64

Childhood and Adolescence PrevInfad/PAPPS Group

Visual screening (part 1)

Jaime García Aguadoa, M.ª Jesús Esparza Olcinaa, José Galbe Sánchez-Venturab, Ana Martínez Rubioc, José M.ª Mengual Gild, Manuel Merino Moínae, Carmen Rosa Pallás Alonsof, Francisco Javier Sánchez Ruiz-Cabellog, Julia Colomer Revueltah, Olga Cortés Ricoi, Javier Soriano Fauraj, Grupo PrevInfad/PAPPS Infancia y Adolescenciak

aPediatra. Madrid. España.
bPediatra. CS Torrero La Paz. Zaragoza. España.
cPediatra. CS de Camas. Sevilla. España.
dPediatra. CS Delicias Sur. Zaragoza. España.
ePediatra. CS El Greco. Getafe. Madrid. España.
fServicio de Neonatología. Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre. Madrid. España.
gPediatra. CS Zaidín Sur. Granada. España.
hDepartamento de Pediatría, Obstetricia y Ginecología. Unidad de Pediatría. Universidad de Valencia. Valencia. España.
iPediatra. CS Canillejas. Madrid. España.
jPediatra. CS Fuensanta. Valencia. España.
kJosé María Mengual Gil (coord.).

Correspondence: J García. E-mail: jgaguados@gmail.com

Reference of this article: García Aguado J, Esparza Olcina MJ, Galbe Sánchez-Ventura J, Martínez Rubio A, Mengual Gil JM, Merino Moína M, et al. Visual screening (part 1). Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2014;16:e173-e194.

Published in Internet: 24-12-2014 - Visits: 12580

Abstract

In this paper the recommendations of PrevInfad on visual screening in children are reviewed. The health benefits of early detection, and the validity and safety of the screening tests are analyzed as well as treatment effectivity, potential risks of early diagnosis and treatment of the detected problems.

PrevInfad recommends including eye inspection and red reflex test in the health visits of the first 6 month of life, as well as the detection of visual impairments (amblyopia, strabismus and refraction errors) at 3-5 years of age. Evidence to assess the balance between risks and benefits of reduced visual acuity screening in children 6 to 14 years old is insufficient.

Due to its extent, the text has been divided into two parts. We present in this paper the first of them.

Keywords

Amblyopia Screening Visual acuity Visual impairment

 

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