Reference of this article: García Vera C, Martín Calama J. Breastfeeding in Spain. A national inquiry outcome. Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2000;2:373-387.
Published in Internet: 30-09-2000 - Visits: 6119
Objective: To make an inquiry about the prevalence of breastfeeding (BF) in Spain,
which purpose is to know its frequency, and its relationship with some variables that can influence
Design: Transversal study, through the inquiries made by sanitary staff to the parents
whose children were under one year old.
Setting: Paediatric primary care centres of Spain that have collaborated voluntarily.
Patients: Every child, under 1 year, that went to these centres to healthy examination,
or vaccination for one predetermined fortnight.
Measurements: Information about the duration of BF, and other maternal, prenatal,
and new born?s variables that are supposedly connected with it, was taken. Measures about
frequency, survival analysis, and comparison of proportions.
Results: 12,165 polls were taken in 18 provinces. The average duration of the BF( sole
right or supplemented) was of 3.2 months (IC 95%, 3.13-3.27 months). The 84.2% of the
children began the BF, the 54.9% of the children went on after three months, the 24.8%
continued after six months, and was only kept the 7.2 % of the children at the end of the
first year. A less percentage of BF was observed in male children, preemie, whose weigh
was under 2,500 grams at birth, coming from caesarean operation, and children whose mothers
were younger and whit less academic level.
Conclusions: The frequency of BF in Spain shows very improbable facts, specially in the
keeping over 3 and 6 months. Promotion tasks should be concentrate on risk groups that the
Keywords● Breastfeeding ● Prevalence ● Survey