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Vol. 24 - Num. 93

Original Papers

Education in asthma. Assessment of knowledge about childhood asthma in primary care consultations

María Vegas Carróna, M.ª Teresa Asensi Monzób

aPediatra. CS Carranque. Málaga. España.
bPediatra. CS Serrería 1. Valencia. España.

Correspondence: M Vegas. E-mail: mvegas_91@hotmail.com

Reference of this article: Vegas Carrón M, Asensi Monzó MT. Education in asthma. Assessment of knowledge about childhood asthma in primary care consultations. Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2022;24:e93-e105.

Published in Internet: 12-04-2022 - Visits: 471

Abstract

Objectives: to determine the level of knowledge about asthma of the relatives of asthmatic children followed in Primary Care consultations.

Material and methods: descriptive and cross-sectional study carried out through surveys sent by email and completed by relatives of asthmatic children followed up in Primary Care consultations. The surveys were conducted between November 2020 and March 2021. Asthma knowledge was assessed using the Newcastle Asthma Knowledge Questionnaire (NAQK).

Results: 97 parents were surveyed (with a mean age of 39.73 years, 81.4% were mothers). The mean score obtained in the NAQK was 19.97 / 31. No significant relationship was found between the NAQK score obtained and the age of parents, the number of asthmatic children, the use of preventive treatment, previous hospitalizations, the need for visits to the emergency room or health center in the event of asthma attacks, flu vaccination previous asthmatic children or the fact of knowing which are the risk groups for said vaccination. However, a statistically significant relationship was found between the NAQK score and the level of education of the parents (p = 0.002 <0.05) as well as the degree of kinship (mother or father) with the patient (p = 0.002 <0.05).

Conclusions: our respondents have a higher level of knowledge about asthma compared to other studies carried out in a school or hospital setting. However, there are deficit aspects that would improve through the implementation of educational programs in Primary Care, which would mean an increase in the knowledge about asthma of our respondents and therefore, an improvement in their quality of life.

Keywords

Asthma Asthma knowledge Education Primary Care The Newcastle Asthma Knowledge Questionnaire

 

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