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Cine y Pediatría 8
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Vol. 21 - Num. 83

Clinical Reviews

Ankyloglossia inheritance: like father, like son

Luis Ruiz Guzmána, Tania Cueva Quirozb, Noelia Rodríguez Bailónc, Loli Rubira Felicesd, Carles Peña Costae, Carme Gabarrell Guiuf

aPediatra. CAP 17 Setembre. Prat de Llobregat. Gavà Salut Familiar. Gavà. Barcelona. España.
bPediatra. CAP Ramona Vía. Prat de Llobregat. Barcelona. España.
cEnfermera pediátrica. CAP 17 Setembre. Prat de Llobregat. Barcelona. España.
dEnfermera pediátrica. CAP Ramona Vía. Prat de Llobregat. Barcelona. España.
eEnfermero. Gavà Salut Familiar. Gavà. Barcelona. España.
fPediatra. International Board Certified Lactation Consultant (IBCLC). CAP Primer de Maig. Lleida. España.

Correspondence: L Ruiz. E-mail: luruizguz@gmail.com

Reference of this article: Ruiz Guzmán L, Cueva Quiroz T, Rodríguez Bailón N, Rubira Felices L, Peña Costa C, Gabarrell Guiu C. Ankyloglossia inheritance: like father, like son. Rev Pediatr Aten Primaria. 2019;21:e129-e135.

Published in Internet: 10-09-2019 - Visits: 1130

Abstract

The pathogenesis of tongue tie and the major or minor expression of the genotype that causes it are not known because it can occur with inheritances X-linked dominant or, in some cases, recessive. Four families with tongue tie in different generations, accompanying infants with breastfeeding problems are presented. In all cases there was a lack of prior knowledge of this situation in patients and family members.

In our medical office, 326 sibling groups were attended. In 133 of them, no frenectomy was performed, in 96 groups one of the brothers underwent surgery, in 91 the two brothers were operated and in 6, three brothers. Prevalence in siblings of 44.9% was found.

The underdiagnosis of ankyloglossia is conditioned by the unawareness of some consequences of this pathology: dental malposition, alterations of the spine, speech disorders, respiratory problems and apnea, among others. Large samples are needed to study the transmission mechanisms and clarify the pathogenesis of this inherited malformation, which affects more than 10% of the population.

Keywords

Ankiloglossia Inheritance patterns Lingual frenulum

 

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