Introduction: basketball is a widely practiced sport among preadolescent girls, but the evidence regarding the incidence of injuries caused by its practice in this population is scarce. This study aimed to provide information about the pattern of sport injury in pre-adolescent girls, basketball federated players, in Spain.
Material and methods: during the 2014 Spanish Basketball Championship for girls, information regarding different characteristics of the players and the team, as well as concerning the training sessions and the pattern of injury, was collected through questionnaires to the players and personal interview to the coaches.
Results: information from 348 players was collected. A 73.8% of them, reported being injured in the last season, mainly during trainings. The most common type of injury were sprains, the most affected part of the body were the lower limbs, with a 30% of recurrences. Harm index (injuries for 1000 hours of practice) was 5.85, being the court’s surface the only factor that showed to affect the risk of injury. The mean of lost days of sport practice due to injury was 2.54 ± 0.97, with an absence of the academic activities by 25% of the injured players.
Conclusions: the practice of bascketball by 12-13 years old girls shows a risk of injury that should not go unnoticed, both for the average of injuries detected, as well as for the possibility of recurrence and the impact on the academic level.
Keywords: Athletic injuries. Basketball. Adolescent.